时间：2019年06月04日 Source: jajshop.com Time: June 04, 2019
"Camel Xiangzi" is a selection of reading notes . I hope it can help everyone learn, keep improving, and get excellent results.
"Camel Xiangzi" is one of Lao She's masterpieces, mainly based on the whereabouts of a rickshaw driver Xiangzi in Peiping (now Beijing), with Beijing's civilian life in the late 1920s as the background, and the rugged and miserable life of Xiangzi, a rickshaw driver. Encounter is the main plot, which deeply exposes the darkness of old China, accuses the ruling class of exploitation and oppression of laborers, expresses the author's deep sympathy for working people, and shows people the lives of poor citizens in the bottom of Beijing under warlord melee and darkness The picture in the abyss of pain.
The work revolves around the three ups and downs that Xiangzi experienced in buying a car as the central clue of plot development, and extends his brushstrokes to the vast area of urban poor life. Through Xiangzi and the bandits, with detectives, with car owners, with Hu Niu, with colleagues Relations in various aspects, depicting a turbulent, horrible and dark picture of social life, showing the social, psychological, and cultural aspects of Shoko's life from hopeful to struggling, until the mental collapse, to the degenerate tragedy. Xiangzi was originally a young and strong farmer. He was loyal, kind, hardworking, simple, quiet, and forbearing, but after three setbacks, his ideal was finally shattered, his character was distorted, and he became a soulless walking dead. Xiangzi's tragedy reflects the city's malformed civilization disease and ignorance culture that bring physical and mental damage to human nature, and embodies the author's artistic thinking and critical review of the relationship between urban civilization disease and human nature.
The work replaces the slick humor of the past with serious realist creative methods and plain, plain language. The work uses a large number of narrative and lyrical commentary psychological descriptions, telling Xiangzi the painful voice of blood and tears, which not only characterizes the character, but also expresses the author's passion, which enhances the artistic appeal of the work. The strong local color of Beijing, from language, environment to customs and customs, shows the author's increasingly mature and charming artistic style.
This is a sad story, telling a living scene in the old town of Peiping. Xiangzi came from the countryside. After he pulled in the rented foreign car, he decided to buy a car and pull it himself to be an independent laborer. He is young and strong, right in the golden age of life; he is hardworking and hardworking, and does not hesitate to use all his strength to achieve this goal. Encouraged and supported by strong confidence, after three years of hard work, he exchanged his hard work for a foreign car. But it didn't take long for the warlord's random soldiers to snatch his car; then the reactionary government detective swindled his only savings, and the master's avoidance of special agents' tracking also caused him to lose a relatively stable job; the kind that Huniu had against him The inescapable love brought suffering to his body and mind.
Facing these blows one after another, he has struggled, and still insists on trying harder to realize his dream life. But everything was in vain: I bought a car with Huniu's savings and soon had to sell it to cook Huniu's funeral. His wish was like a ghost, which could never be grasped, and he was free from those hardships and grievances; after many setbacks, he was finally completely disillusioned. The suicide of his favorite little Fuzi blows out the last spark of hope in his heart. He has lost any desire and confidence in life, and has become strong and self-sufficient. He turned out to be the honest and kind Xiangzi who was living. The grinding disc was crushed. This tragedy strongly exposed the crime of turning people into ghosts in the old society. Shoko is an image of an ordinary coachman with a clear personality. He has many excellent qualities of working people. He is kind and simple, loves labor, and has a camel-like positive and tenacious spirit for life.
Usually he seems to be able to endure all grievances, but there is also a demand for resistance in his character. His angry resignation at Yang Zhai, and his revenge on the owner of the car factory, Liu Si, can all explain this; his consistent strength and struggle are also a manifestation of his uneasy social status. His unwillingness to obey Gao Ma's words to loan usury, not to covet Liu Si's sixty cars, and unwilling to listen to Hu Niu's words for small businesses, all show that what he thinks is everything with his own car, not to borrow He then climbed up and bought a car to exploit others; what he dreamed of was to obtain an independent and autonomous life based on his own labor. This is an individual laborer's legitimate life desire, albeit humble.
The work describes his savings after Cao Zhai was knocked out by his detective, but what he cares most about is the commission by Mr. Cao, because Mr. Cao is a good person in his opinion; he also describes his relationship with Lao Ma and The concerns of the two generations of the pony grandson show his kindness and integrity. The reason why his tragedy can arouse the reader's strong sympathy, in addition to his social status and unfair encounters, these personality characteristics also played an indelible role. Those who are so frugal and strong at last finally become the top stabs, and embarked on the path of degeneration, and they clearly expose the evils of unreasonable society that corrupt people's hearts.
This story is a tragedy, a complete tragedy. A man who had been hardworking and patient and had his own goals ended up as social trash. In the past, Shoko was kind and honest, honest and honest, and had a positive and tenacious life like a camel. Everyone around is a monk for a day, ringing the clock for a day, but Xiangzi is not content with the status quo. He works hard for a better life, and struggles. He would rather take great risks to earn a little more money to achieve himself. The life you want. He constantly pursues, pursues success, and pursues happiness. However, even so, it did not change his final tragic ending after all.
Maybe this is the reality, cruel, sad, helpless. Ideals and reality are always full of contradictions. They often cannot be reconciled, but they exist at the same time. Society is real, it will not change for one's ideals, and it will not be flawless. People continue to struggle for their ideals, but in the end they may not be truly successful. Like Xiangzi, he worked hard to find a better life, but the end was so miserable.
Regarding Camel Xiangzi, I regret, regret, and feel helpless, but I also admire him. I admire his former strength and his enthusiasm. However, in the end, he failed to defeat himself and society, and he was eventually defeated. It may be because of the extreme darkness of society, or it may be because of personal factors. In any case, the change of the environment at least plays a role that cannot be ignored. If social security was better at that time, Xiangzi might be able to realize his ideals, or he might not become a walking dead. People cannot be separated from society, and society determines people. If they cannot handle the relationship between reality and ideals, society and themselves, they will most likely lose their original self.
Humans are thoughtful animals and should have their own ideals and goals. But it varies from person to person and from society to society. If the ideal cannot always be realized, then it may become Xiangzi, degenerate, decay, and hate life. After all, the few who can persist in their lives are few. Pursuit itself is a constantly changing process. However, this process can be very complicated. It is easy for people to lose themselves, and they will lose their direction and even fall.
The work writes: The bitterness of laziness is the natural result of hard work and failure, and the bitterness of the bitterness contains some axioms. He also said that man lifted himself out of the beast, but until now he has driven his own kind into the beast. Xiangzi was still in that cultural city, but turned into a beast. It was not his own fault at all. Lao She set out from this kind of understanding, writing this tragedy with deep sympathy for the insulted and injured. This makes this work have an angry prosecution force and a strong spirit of criticism, deeply rooted in readers' hearts.
After reading this book, my evaluation of Xiangzi is: Xiangzi is a person who cannot stand the test of life and loses his life. As the saying goes: The road is long and far away, and I will search for it. Why does he no longer seek a new way, but becomes a scum in the society, a scum? Why didn't he become the master of life and go to work for himself? I think he was afraid too, because he was a farmer, he couldn't stand the blows to him from time to time, and he gave up. Therefore, the causes and consequences of the characters in the book have been going downhill!
What will happen tomorrow? I don't know. And now the only thing we can do is grasp today.
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