时间：2016-07-08 Source: jajshop.com Time: 2016-07-08
2000 words after reading Gorky's "Childhood"
The Soviet Gorky has many famous works throughout his life. Among them, "Childhood" is the first in his three-step autobiographical novel.
The main content of the article is as follows: In the painful atmosphere, the grandmother appeared. Although Ariesha's father died, her arrival made him regain his sight. There is such a passage in the text before she did not come. I seemed to be sleeping in the dark, but as soon as she appeared, she woke me up, led me to the light, and connected everything around me with a continuous thread, weaving a colorful lace, she Immediately became my lifelong friend, the most intimate person, and the person I know best, the most precious, and her selfless love for the world has enriched me, and filled me with a strong force to cope with a difficult life. During this short period of contact with her grandmother, Alyssa asserted that her personality charm was high.
However, there are not many days to live happily together. A kind of thick, colorful and bizarre life that is bizarre and indescribable has begun to flow at an alarming rate. It was a suffocating, terrifying sight, the life of ordinary Russians. Amidst the fiery hatred of people, Alyosha's childhood life really began.
The foolish grandfather Kashlin of this family is irritable, surly, greedy, and selfish; the two mimics Mikhail and Yakov are also rude, selfish market crickets, and even the children joined them enthusiastically. Only kindness, kindness, and affectionate ancestors let him live in this environment with a touch of comfort.
I like the grandmother in the text. She seems to have a special affinity. She has endless stories. And she loves her children so much. Even the two bad guys, Mikhail and Yakov, did not ask her grandfather how to punish them severely. How could a kind person like to have a war at home? In the face of the inhumane scolding of her grandfather, she also endured it.
She can be said to live for herself or for others. In the countless days and nights, she made me feel that I was fighting for peace, maybe tranquility, maybe happiness, and it was always elusive. This is probably because of her kindness, and she has forgotten herself while giving to others. In the dance carnival, as Bing Xin wrote in The Dance Watch, she forgot the audience and her grandmother like this dancer. When she gave herself, she forgot everything.
In the whole work of "Childhood", Gorky's description of his grandmother's appearance is vivid and vivid, but when she smiles, the eyes that are as dark as black cherries are opened round, flashing an uncomfortable joy The light, in the smile, happily reveals solid white teeth. Although the black cheeks have many wrinkles, the entire face still looks young and bright. But the face was damaged by a soft nose, a swollen nostril, and a red nose. She sniffed the tobacco from a black snuff bottle set with silver. Her clothes were all black, but through her eyes, a never-ending, happy, warm light shot from her heart. Her waist was almost hump back, fat and fat, but she was brisk and agile like a big cat, and soft like this cute animal. The image of the grandmother immediately appeared, especially her mysterious black dress, which seemed to hide a little-known secret inside.
In the introduction, the grandmother's image is one of the most glorious and humane in Russian and world literature, and one of the most artistic charms. The good thing of the progressives who devote themselves to the scientific cause is the most rational, but it will always be hated by others, and it will end up in loneliness. Only when people wake up in their hearts can they get one of the most artistically attractive images. I like good things as well as my grandmother. Although he applauded, he was not good at all. For his passion for science, he burned down the landlord's floor, stained the wallpaper, and torn it.
He was terribly lonely by himself. Even the lovely cat of the happy female tenant did not crawl on his knees. The reason is that he has a sour smell (I think it may be that he is studying the sour smell from a chemical and left on the body). The saddest thing was that the most human grandmother didn't approach him, and told Alyosha not to turn around him.
Yes, he's really miserable for good things. Due to poverty, he only wore some ragged clothes; for his career, he had few friends. He knew that no one would like him, and deliberately did not let Alyosha approach him. He knew that Alyosha might be his good friend here, but for Alyosha's family not to scold him, good things can only be done. Suffering from loneliness. Because he is a foreigner, he has no relatives. He was always stumbling, stumbling, even to a stone, to a tree, and wanted to talk about it, which is unthinkable by ordinary people. Can't help but think of some people who create businesses, although they make a lot of money. But because of their busyness, they gave up everything else and lost everything else. But everyone's life is different. While some people are pursuing the beauty of life, enjoying the sunrise and sunset, enjoying the cool breeze, and enjoying the wine under the moon, some people are pursuing their career dreams. For good things, it can be said to be a dream that the spirit and the soul pursue together. Material life is just a little embellishment in life, and his achievements for his career are even more loved by him.
After reading the last page of the book, Alyosha's childhood is over, waiting for him is a completely different life.
In joy, in sorrow, in the interweaving of love and hate, his childhood rushed by like this. In reading, I found his love, pondered his hatred, and tasted the dark light in the deep.
2000 words after reading Gorky's "Childhood"
In the book of childhood, Montessori reveals the secrets of children's psychological development, explaining that adults' obstruction and depression of children is the root cause of psychological deviation in children, and pointed out through their own educational practice in children's home The right education method and cure.
Montessori believes that the growth of children has its own natural law, and the development of children has its natural process. This is like a child is a seedling, and the seedling needs to grow by itself. What we do is just wait and see. Watering is needed when watering. Fertilization is required when fertilizing. Educating children should follow this natural law and let them develop in the direction they should be. Adults should only be a guide and act as a catalyst, rather than help them draw a course. This is in line with Comenius's view that education must follow nature.
As a teacher, I see that families in today's society are only children, and parents have all expectations for them. So they let their children learn at a very young age, piano, art, table tennis, writing brushes, regardless of whether the children themselves want to.
Montessori introduced us to several sensitive periods for children. One sensitive period is the language talent of children. At some stage of children, learning language is very amazing. All people are their teachers. They just listen in silence until they say their first word one day. But beyond that, there are many more sensitive periods for children. One of the most important sensitive periods is the sensitivity to order. A very important and mysterious period is when children are extremely sensitive to order. This sensitivity occurs in the first year after the child is born and continues until the second year.
Montessori said that the existence of this sensitive period may be more clearly manifested in the obstacles encountered by children. In most cases, children's temper is probably due to this sensitivity. Where it is in its environment, remember where everything should be placed. So children are not as simple as we think. They are born with many amazing talents, which are often lost by adults. For example, they are so oblivious to the outside world that adults cannot do that kind of detail.
From this, I thought of my child. He always finds things that we have already seen but have long ignored. I remember once a neighbor who had been with us for more than ten years came to our house. My child was still very young and didn't know him. I taught the child to call this neighbor's aunt. The child didn't say anything at the time, and I was pretty embarrassed. Later, when asked why, the child said: she is not my aunt, there is something red under her eyes, but my aunt does not. At first I was wondering, what's red? When I saw this neighbor again, I realized that the child saw a small red wine mole on her face, and I got along with her for a dozen In 1949, this point was completely ignored.
In addition, the adult-child conflict section of the book addresses the issue of adolescent rebellion.
Have we experienced rebellion during puberty, or have we conflicted because of disagreement with our parents? To be sure, I have. I remember when I was a kid, because my mother couldn't fulfill my wish, I drew a person in the picture book at home, wrote the name of my mother, and then wrote the words "big badass" next to it.
But when we grow up, the children will rebel against us. Many parents we meet are educating their children according to their own ideas, regardless of their feelings and thoughts. This is often the cause of conflict between adults and children. Although the child has no ability to resist his parents when he is young and can only accept it, it has a long-term impact on the child's personality development. The consequences of such a conflict would extend almost indefinitely, like a wave from a stone thrown into a calm lake. In the eyes of adults, children are enthusiastic about trivial and useless things. They feel unreasonable for this. They think that the child's free exploration behavior is very naive. The process is very slow. They try to make everything happen. Do it for you. But for children, these explorations are gratifying and interesting, and they are satisfied. For example, children will ask them to eat food with chopsticks, and they will be totally absorbed in these tasks that are not easy for adults to see, try, repeat, explore, discover, be excited, and be happy, but adults We couldn't stand it anymore, and finally it was all adults to feed.
Montessori attaches great importance to the training of children's basic life skills. She has made special tools for training children's buttons and ties.
Adults cannot understand children's love for things of interest, they are accustomed to everything and think they know them. So they feel bored and tired. They no longer love work and start acting passively. The kind of concentration, exploration, discovery and creation of children naturally disappears. Montessori believes that adults need a new person to wake them up and re-invigorate them with the kind of vitality and vitality they have long lost. Adults need someone who acts in a different way to inspire them with a better life.
"Childhood" inspired me more than that, of course. I believe that I will get more help through deeper reading, and it will also greatly help me in my future work and study.
2000 words after reading Gorky's "Childhood"
The book "Childhood" is Montessori pointed out the correct education method and cure through his educational practice in the children's home. She also put forward the concept of a sensitive period in the development of children. It describes the developmental characteristics of children in terms of intelligence, order, walking, rhythm, and observation. It is the most vivid work on the secrets of child development and growth. . Through reading this book, I have left a lot of enlightenments. Now I will briefly talk about my experience and understanding from the following three aspects.
1. Know children. Have we ever been rebellious, did we have conflicts with our parents? Ms. Montessori told us: adults always educate children according to their own ideas, regardless of their feelings and thoughts. This is an adult. Causes of conflict with children. Although the child has no ability to resist his parents when he is young and can only accept it, it has a long-term impact on the child's personality development. The consequences of such a conflict would extend almost indefinitely, like a wave from a stone thrown into a calm lake.
Ms. Montessori systematically expounded the revolutionary concept that uncovered the mystery of children's growth. As she said: Only when the child is in an environment suitable for his age can his psychological life develop naturally and show him Inner secret. She believes that the reason why a child cannot develop and grow normally is mainly because of being oppressed by an adult. It is the society that gives adults the opposite task; let them have the right to determine the education and development of children. In the book, Ms. Montessori puts forward that children's growth has its inherent spiritual drive and laws. Children's growth depends on their continuous conscious, autonomous, independent and external environment activities. If adults want to promote children's growth, the most important thing is to create a safe and rich environment full of love, respect and understand children's behavior, and try to limit and guide their behavior as much as possible. Children naturally know what they want to do and how to do it. Over time and again, he will grow up.
Second, adult mistakes. How many people believe that a child is a spiritual being? Believe that he is born with a strong spiritual energy, and he will grow according to the inherent growth law. At an age, children like to play with water and sand. If adults stop He will fight stubbornly. What exactly does this mean?
For example, in the eyes of adults, children are keen on trivial and useless things. They feel unreasonable for this. They think that children's free exploration behavior is very naive. This process is very slow. They try to turn everything Do it for you. But for children, these explorations are gratifying and interesting, and they are satisfied. For example, children will ask for their own buttons and laces, and they will be totally absorbed in these tasks that adults can't seem to be simple, and try, repeat, explore, discover, excite, and be happy, but Adults can't stand it anymore, and finally the basic life skills such as dressing and wearing shoes are entirely done by adults.
Now that we know that adults can't let children do what they want, we should let them explore and discover for themselves. But is there a limit to this kind of letting go? Is it necessary to completely abandon your own ideas? Is it really nice to look like a small tree when it grows up without any pruning? Adult experience really helps Ca n’t there be anything for children? I do n’t think it ’s necessary for adults to let go. First of all, make sure that the child ’s exploration process is safe. Second, you have to have a vision. Help and ask for corrective help when appropriate.
Third, teacher preparation. It is extremely important for teachers to observe children. Therefore, mere knowledge of educational theory is not enough. Teachers must first study themselves systematically to prepare themselves. In this way, teachers can get rid of the most ingrained shortcomings, which in fact can hinder the relationship between teachers and children. In order to discover these subconscious weaknesses, we need a special kind of guidance. We must treat ourselves like everyone else treats us. Teachers must study their shortcomings and their bad tempers from the beginning, instead of focusing too much on children's tempers, or correcting children's mistakes, or even the impact of original sin. Only by removing the sand from your own eyes can you know how to remove dust from children's eyes.
As a teacher, you must first place your child in a pleasant environment, where almost everything is their own. Small tables, small stools, small mops, etc. are specially made for them, which are very attractive to children force. Followed by the quiet of the educator. It is a deeper calm, a kind of blankness, what we call objective psychology. No need for excessive language and hints. Finally, it is necessary to prepare rich learning materials according to the children's sensitive period and development rules, so that children can be attracted by the materials, promote their analysis and exercise, and promote their sound development.
"Childhood" certainly inspired me more than that. I believe that I will get more inspiration through deeper reading. It will also be of great benefit to my future work and study. I believe Montessori's works will let me Understanding children more realistically allows me to teach children based on their physical and psychological characteristics and provide them with more help in their growth.
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