时间：2016-07-12 Source: jajshop.com Time: 2016-07-12
Two Thousand Years of Reading Notes
Read a classic and taste a piece of life. Wu Xiaobo's "Thirty Years of Turbulence" is indeed a good book. There is an unstoppable passion between the smooth text, but it is also exquisite, calm and wise, so often I do n’t know what I read. The history of the company is also a documentary report about Chinese companies. Since it is a good book, there is no reason for it to be abandoned halfway.
It is not easy to portray the history of Chinese companies from 1978 to 2008. As Wu Xiaobo admitted frankly, it is an unprecedented challenge to complete a grand narrative spanning thirty years. I don't know just for the convenience of the structure, or to cater to the reader's psychology, Wu Xiaobo chose the chronicle style. This form makes it difficult for readers who have seen these thirty years to sit in the wrong seat, and follow the author's pen to paragraph to paragraph to recall the original experience.
If we use 1978 as the benchmark, then my birth will be six years later, according to Wu Xiaobo, the first year of a company in China. That year, Deng Xiaoping made his first southern tour. That year, Vanke, Haier, and Lenovo were born one after another. The hottest vocabulary of that year was that we all went to sea. It was a pity that I was just a baby in that year. I didn't care about anything except eating and drinking. In the following 25 years, I had been entangled in the peasant's thoughts and kept unconsciously in keeping with the changes of the times. I believe that this is also the life state of most people. They are not willing to take the initiative to face the changes of history, so their feelings about history are always a little vague and lack of confidence. Just as the vocabulary of Zeng Hongji mentioned in the book, such as price breakthroughs, speeches in the southern tour, the retreat of the state and the people, the Gulang dispute, etc., there are a series of wonderful stories behind it. These words are almost impossible to start with, everything in the world is dreamlike. In this regard, "Thirty Years of Agitation" can be counted as a whip in the air, falling on my unconscious youth.
Going back to history itself, the development of Chinese enterprises after 78 years is plainly the history of the struggle between the three forces of state-owned, private, and foreign-funded enterprises, which remains to this day. Compared with the orthodox origin of state-owned enterprises and the strength of foreign-funded enterprises, private entrepreneurs really can't compete with their opponents except for their keen sense of smell and tenacious fighting spirit. However, it is such a group with a rough, savage, temperament, perseverance and bravery, it is incredible for its own company to grow outside the system, in resources, markets, talents, policies, funds and even geographical locations. Achieved rapid growth without any advantages. There is naturally a problem of opportunity, and the grayness of the original accumulation cannot be avoided, but there is no doubt that the unprecedented temperament exhibited by private entrepreneurs in the process of starting a business is more meaningful for the growth of our young people. I suddenly thought of Shi Yuzhu. Like most Chinese, I have always regarded Shi Yuzhu as a golden partner and synonymous with melatonin, but now reading the story about him in the book, I saw a giant shining on the stage, quickly annihilating, and then stubbornly reborn. In the process, when I saw the legendary life of a private entrepreneur who never failed, I felt a bit of admiration in my heart. Failure and frustration are inevitable issues in life. For successful and smooth yearning, it will even increase the difficulty of solving the problem. Then, on the road of life with an unknown future, there are several people who can hand over the answer sheet like Shi Yuzhu. ?
Taking people as a lesson, we can know the gains and losses; taking history as a lesson, we can know the prosperity. Leaving aside the specific cases of Chinese enterprises, the trajectory of the state's will since the reform and opening up is also enlightening for personal development. From the household responsibility contract system to the Sunan model and the Wenzhou model to sustainable development, from the unconditional protection of state-owned enterprises to the large-scale promotion of the national retreat and the reunification of the country and the country's resolute monopoly on lifeline industries, from the opening of coastal cities to the establishment of a socialist market economy The system has come along all the way to the successful accession to the WTO. Although the policy design is often repeated or ambiguous, and the policy effects are often not satisfactory, the country's efforts to improve the institutional mechanism have not been in vain and reforms Unstoppable will. Looking at ourselves, from the moment a toddler makes his first attempt at life, isn't he also on an irreversible path of growth, destined to continue to be tested, to constantly make turns, and to this end Constantly adjust yourself and constantly define goals. In fact, our lives are also crossing the river by feeling the stones. Just like the country's reform practice, after going through many passionate attempts, we can move forward steadily. It's just that the individual's expectations for the future cannot be compared with the country, so we have to understand the reasoning of addition before 30 and subtraction after 30. When we are no longer young and dare not to say the big deal again, we must learn to think rationally and choose carefully, and in a responsible manner towards life, invest our limited energy into our own identified careers.
Reading "Thirty Years of Turbulence" is undoubtedly a mixed experience: gracious, because it has 25 years of intersection with this history; unfamiliar, because it has always been outside the world without asking the world; excited, because youthful restlessness The story of the home is teasing; sorry, because hurriedly through an age full of opportunities. Fortunately, as a small person, at least I have not fallen victim to the ups and downs of reform. The lesson that the shady foundation of the fund left to the public in the late 1990s is painful. It reminds the little people not to be controlled by wealth. The collective madness can instantly knock on the gate of heaven, but it will slam into the abyss of hell. I do n’t give the meaning of value judgment here. Everyone has the right to choose the way to participate in history, and each way implies the inevitable choice of history. However, just like the lake is full of colors and the waves are cold. Time is cold, time is cold. Time will cool down all the hustle and bustle, leaving only orderly, rational, and tenacious forces, and steadily pushing forward the course of history. If this is the case, the once life that was not disturbed can be regarded as orderly, rational, and resilient. I just hope that in the next thirty years, we little ones will have more enthusiasm and confidence, and take on this era.
Two Thousand Years of Reading Notes
Reading this book for the first time was a year ago. It's not boring to look back now, but immediately attracted by that unique perspective, precise narrative and wonderful comments. This set of corporate histories known as the New Goods Collection is indeed worthy of intensive reading and collection by everyone who cares about China's economic development, social change, and the fate of the country. Especially those of us who were born in the first half of the thirty years and who are working in the economic field, should read and think carefully to understand how the great changes have taken place in our growing age. The situation is stronger than people. Only when we grasp the pulse of the times can we make progress according to the situation.
First of all, I think this book has several writing characteristics.
The first is the chronology and headline. The author has listed these thirty years, one chapter per year, narrated year by year, and interspersed with comparisons of similar years and comments on similar events, making it easier for readers to grasp the time coordinates, and to be able to touch the bypass, and tap many clues throughout the book. The author also uses several words or short sentences as the headlines of each year, such as the cage and the bird in 1981, the story of spring 1992, and the WTO entry and exit in 2001. They all accurately refine the major events of the year, outline the outline, and see at a glance. For many young people who are not familiar with history, this sorting and summing up by time clues is the most intuitive and effective.
The second is the Spring and Autumn style and folk perspective. Author Wu Xiaobo is a financial journalist by nature and has interacted with many characters in the book. In this set of books, he did not play official or high-profile, but from the perspective of a witness and historian, with the feelings of thinkers and intellectuals, he described events and characters as truthfully as possible. You can not only see the original appearance of major events, but also feel his earnest concern for the future of the characters and the fate of the nation. What impressed me most about this was the portrayal of Li Jingwei, the father of Jianlibao. The author truly wrote the result of the game between an entrepreneur and the government on the issue of corporate property rights in the not-too-distant era, accompanied by the inevitable failure of the entire book. In the ceremony of transferring the company's equity to others, he asked Cang Tian and his words in tears to explain the sadness and helplessness of an entrepreneur in a special environment. This is the combination of the author's rationality and sensuality.
The third is acquaintance, and ambitious. Reading this set of books reminds me of Zweig's "When the Human Stars Shine" and Manchester's "Glory and Dreams". Wu Xiaobo made no secret of his admiration for the previous book, thinking it was bloody and exciting. In The Thirty Years of Turmoil, the lingering romanticism and emphasis on historic events are exactly the same as Zweig's bloodline. The style of the latter book may have a greater influence on Wu. Whether it is a chronicle genre or a corporate history unit, it is more like a tribute to Manchester. These two books, one is a thin book, the other is a thick masterpiece, but they are also classics in biography. The book "Thirty Years of Turbulence" draws on the soul of the former, which embodies and transcends the great biographies of its predecessors, and fills the gap in the history of Chinese enterprises since the reform and opening up. In addition, Wu Xiaobo, as a columnist, still uses the same strokes to describe the enterprises and entrepreneurs of the late Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, inheriting his usual style in this book.
Back to the book. I like this set of biographies, because it has not only a strong historical value, but also a strong ideological and thought-provoking:
First, engaging in business activities in China without understanding politics is the biggest risk. You know, the starting point of this thirty-year legend is triggered by political factors. In the meantime, bird exchanges, speeches in the southern tour, property rights reform, macro-control and so on, political or policy changes made people overwhelmed. During these ups and downs of 30 years, many enterprises and entrepreneurs have obtained completely different destinies because of their ability to grasp the pulse of politics. We can not only see the tragedy of Li Jingwei and Yang Rong in the game of government and enterprise, but also how Lu Guanqiu and Liu Chuanzhi are old and evergreen; both Tieben Dai Guofang and Fuxing Guo Guangchang are different in the same round of macro-control. He sighed at the end and lamented the common misery of the eight kings of Wenzhou in speculation. This has profound educational significance for us. Enterprises should always remain sensitive to politics and policies in their business activities, and take advantage of the trend in many aspects, such as industry selection, business area, and capital allocation, in order to gain advantage, avoid harm, and grow.
Second, business management must have a sense of social responsibility and a sense of morality. Thirty years of reform and opening up is a stage in which Chinese enterprises have transitioned from naivety to maturity, and a stage in the continuous improvement of China's market economy system. The reform and opening up made some people rich first. This imbalance of wealth stimulated the general public's nerves. As long as they can make money, they can do anything. Therefore, health care products are not sold but only fight advertisements. Scandals in the stock market continue to scandal, and so on. The goal of business operation is to make profits, but the life of an enterprise originates from society and must be responsible to the society and the public. The lack of responsibility and morality is a major problem facing Chinese companies. Businesses are irresponsible to consumers, and consumers in turn do not trust companies. The lack of confidence causes the negative externalities of the economy to be too large, the transaction costs remain high, and economic efficiency is difficult to improve. Without unlocking this knot, China's market economy cannot be developed in the long run.
In the end, many problems that Chinese companies have encountered in the past three decades remain unresolved. We are still in the initial stage of the socialist market economy and are still crossing the river by feeling the stones. There are many problems that need to be solved urgently. From "Thirty Years of Turbulence", we have seen how Shen Taifu raised funds to make people lose their homes, how Lu Liang and Delong lined up in the stock market, and how the various richest people's rankings turned into slumps. To this day, these problems still appear again and again: Just a few days ago, Liu Xiaoren, who was known as the first person to invest in private angels, was arrested for illegal fundraising. He is a packaging expert like Shen Taifu, but just changed the concept of venture capital. The stock market is still full of bankers. This is a public secret of the securities industry, but the amount of funds is larger and the methods are more hidden. So far, many rich people are still afraid of being on the rich list. Mantra. This is also my biggest regret after reading this book: China's market mechanism is still not perfect, and our governments, enterprises and individuals have a long way to go to solve this problem.
Of course, we can't stop eating because of some problems. The great changes that have taken place in China's economy and society since the reform and opening up have resulted in significant progress that cannot be erased. Today, China ’s GDP has risen from tenth to fourth in the world 30 years ago. Compared with the dismal operations of European and American countries under the financial crisis, it is even more prosperous. The corporate history described in "Thirty Years of Turbulence" is an excellent footnote developed in the past three decades. The enterprise is the most active individual at the microeconomic level. In today's world, the rise and fall of an enterprise is, to a certain extent, the rise and fall of the economy , The rise and fall of the country.
In fact, historical narrative is cold. The sadness and joy of those who witnessed the incident are unforgettable to themselves, but for our readers, it is just the text printed on these hundreds of pages. Historical narratives are also cruel, and those who have been identified by readers as winners and losers seem to have concluded their conclusions and defeated the king. Historical narrative is still narrow. The author's age, materials and ideas often affect the authenticity of the narrative. Therefore, we love Thirty Years, but we cannot be too obsessed with it. It can't tell us how Yang Rong is at the other side of the ocean at this moment, he can't tell us whether Mu Qi will be able to make a comeback, he can't tell us what Guo Guangchang will do in the face of macro-control. All these require us to go beyond books and find the answers ourselves. Only when we are diligent in thinking, good at summarizing, and brave in practice can we have the opportunity to surpass our predecessors, surpass this period of history, and make our own contributions to the development of the motherland in the great course of the next thirty years.
Two Thousand Years of Reading Notes
Thirty years of wind and turbulence rushed towards the face, and the Eighteen Road Heroes heroes were gone. This is my feeling after reading The Thirty Years.
Thirty years of reform and opening up is a special and extraordinary period in the history of China's economic and social development. It originated from the critical moment of abandonment after the Cultural Revolution. It originated from the wise decision of national leaders after looking around. It is the urgent desire of 1.3 billion people to say goodbye to poverty and the pursuit of richness. History is a magnificent journey of a great country from 362.41 billion yuan to 30.67 billion yuan in 30 years. On the occasion of commemorating the 30th anniversary of reform and opening up, countless books, documentaries, and film and television plays summing up, reflecting on, and representing the 30-year history. Here, I recommend "Thirty Years of Violence" (Volume Two, Volume Two) by Wu Xiaobo and published by CITIC Publishing House. It uses a chronicle style, collecting a large amount of material, and with a keen and unique vision of a reporter, it faithfully records the major events and historical events that can be recorded in history each year since 1978. character. It's not too long ago, those big events, big names, big brands that once attracted national economic, business, political, market and folk events in newspapers and media, those familiar names, place names, and product names, like flowers Flashed in front of her eyes, shining like stars. In the face of historical opportunities, some people saw the opportunity, seized the opportunity, and achieved rapid development and rapid expansion. Some people were ups and downs in the tug-of-war that constantly clarified their ideas as the reform progressed; Standing at the forefront of policy, we are taking advantage of the huge profits of the Chinese economy in the transition period; there are more people who, with their own diligence and struggle, have written the history of heroes in this era of heroes.
Concealing contemplation, this book impresses me, and often reflects and ponders not only the complicated events and Zhuo Jun's heroes, but the following issues. I think this is also the wiseness of the author. He knows that there are a thousand Hamlet in the eyes of a thousand people, so he does not use his own conclusions to circle other people's thoughts. As a staff member of the macroeconomic management department, thinking systematically, macroscopically, and calmly about these issues should help us better understand the laws, trends, and overall situation, do a good job, and serve economic and social development.
First, the goal of 30 years of reform and opening up is to achieve a difficult transition from a planned economy to a market economy. It is undeniable that when the main body of the market has realized the stage from product production to commodity production to capital operation, the management of the economy is still in the midst of planning and the market. It's as if the two teams are in a relay race. One team has already reached the third base, and the other team is still in the transition of one or two bases. This is a question worth pondering and needs to be urgently changed. Only when this problem is solved well can we say that we can keep up with the times and help liberate the productive forces instead of restraining the vitality of development.
Secondly, the power transformation and game of the market players in the past thirty years is the most wonderful interpretation in the article. But it is not a bright line, it is time. In the advancement of time, we have seen that state-owned enterprises, private enterprises, and multinational enterprises are arrogant and colorful on the land of China. Which of these three forces is superior and inferior, who is the representative of advanced productivity, who is more representative of the direction of future economic development, and who is more to protect the long-term interests of most Chinese people, the author did not explain, I am also difficult to make The conclusion of the simple dichotomy of who is who is wrong. This conclusion needs to be made by everyone who has the ability to think and judge independently. It should be said that these three forces have made and are making huge contributions in the history of China's economic development. Correctly evaluating their role will help us to use these three forces to properly develop our economy. However, there is only one cake, and they all want to cut more. Therefore, what is endless is their respective criticisms of each other's defects. To put it bluntly, it is a struggle for interests and a fight for market share. As a manager of the macro economy, I have made this clear, and will make clear judgments on those who are noisy.
Third, the fate of entrepreneurs in the reform process deserves our sympathy and attention. Reform is a breakthrough, breaking through the obstacles of outdated ideas, laws, and policies. Entrepreneurs, as the most dynamic crowd in the market, have an active mind and a keen mind. They can see what they can't see, they can think of what they can't think of. However, legal barriers, policy obstacles, backward people's ideas, undue attention from the media, and the greedy nature of maximizing profits often stigmatize the first crab-eating person and become a stepping stone to the latecomers. In the history of China, it is a country that suppresses business. However, entering the global economy, achieving peaceful rise, and accomplishing the great cause of revival, there is no need for good entrepreneurs to open up territory in unfamiliar countries. Therefore, how to find and train entrepreneurs to grow, so that they can shoulder the sense of responsibility to the country, nation, and humanity while chasing profits, so that chasing wealth and creating wealth become a joy, an achievement, not an evil. The source is also a problem that needs to be properly viewed and guided.
Fourth, core technology has always been a soft underbelly made in China. In ancient times, technology was regarded as a wonderful skill, and practitioners and workers were also ranked behind scholars and farmers, and their social status was only higher than that of business. The emphasis on technology should start from the establishment of a complete industrial system after the founding of the People's Republic of China, but our technological stratification is like the stratification of China's labor force. Cutting-edge scientists and low-end migrant workers lack the mid-end and high-end Technicians and engineers. Our astronauts have realized a walk in space, but none of the core technologies of home appliances that are closely related to the quality of life of ordinary people are China's own. Practice has proven that the core technology cannot be bought or introduced, not because we do not want it, but because people are unwilling to give it. The core technology is the crystallization of the wisdom and mentality of scientific researchers. It requires the entire society to choose and support leading technologies and products. It also requires scientific and technological personnel to calmly and impetuously overcome difficulties. It also requires businesses to go shirtless without using price as a weapon. However, the invention and creation of a new technology has never been done overnight. When Chinese products go global with their high quality and high quality, it is expected that Chinese technology will also take a small share of their own products.
Thirty years of rapids have flown. At a new stage, we will also write a new history. Looking back on "Thirty Years of Turbulence", I hope we can take every step of future development, and hope that our country and nation will rise steadily on the earth like mountains and look down on the heroes!
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