时间：2016-07-19 Source: jajshop.com Time: 2016-07-19
2000 Words After Reading Franklin's Autobiography
Franklin's autobiography is an enduring inspirational book that has affected generations of Americans for more than a hundred years. It contains insights about the struggle and success of life, as well as all kinds of good moral truths. It is widely believed to change the fate of countless people American intensive reading. There is no doubt that he is one of the most outstanding and successful people in history. This book warns people to stay away from bad habits and away from mediocrity. Improve life quality, improve personality, and achieve self-improvement.
Throughout his life, Franklin did not have a very favorable environment for growth. It should be said that it was a relatively bland appearance. Born in Boston, North America in 1706, there were 17 children in the family. My father was a small businessman engaged in wax and soap. After two years of school, he dropped out of school due to his family's distress. At the age of two, he was an apprentice in his brother's printing shop. The apprentice's life was very difficult, but he used his apprentice's spare time to study hard and read a lot of books. It has laid a solid foundation in politics, science, history, and literature. He is also fluent in French: Italian, Spanish, Latin through self-study.
In 1726, Franklin's own printing factory has flourished since then. Created a legend of the American Dream, he printed and published the influential "Pennsylvania." He invented lightning rods, dual-use glasses, new stoves and new street lights. He pioneered the slogan of a North American colony dying without union and drafted a declaration of independence. In 1771, the book Franklin Autobiography, which changed the lives of countless people, vividly described its growth. Warned people to be positive.
Many of the life proverbs in this book are felt by Franklin in his life. When reading this book, we must not only comprehend those life proverbs, but also integrate our own humanity and other aspects to improve ourselves. Each chapter of this book tells the truth of his life The portraits and chapters all tell about the feelings of being a person and doing things, and they give me a lot of inspiration.
In his opinion, reading is the key to his door to happiness and success. Books are priceless and his greatest happiness. The book gives us wisdom, and strengthens our determination, so that we can walk with wisdom, and fill our soul with noble wisdom.
Franklin values his virtues very much. Therefore, he put forward 13 requirements to himself: restraint, reticence, orderly life, determination, frugality, diligence, sincerity, fairness, moderation, cleanliness, calm, chastity and humility. He's been doing his best to do this, and although he can't fully meet the requirements, he persists. I think that those who can achieve those 13 articles can already be called saints. In fact, such perfect people are rare, but those who can pursue such perfect can also achieve great achievements in virtue. My goal is to cultivate these virtues in myself, so I don't think it is best to try them all at once. I think it is difficult to do this, or it is better to focus on one of them for a period of time. I develop such virtues into habits, and then I develop another. So I put temperance first in the cultivation of virtue, because it requires calmness and clear thinking. This calm mind and clear thinking are necessary, only in this way can we always be vigilant, resist the inertia of old habits and curb the endless temptation. After acquiring this virtue, it is easier to cultivate it.
During the debate, I also saw that Franklin was not modest in the early days. I often make similar mistakes. It is not necessary to overpower others with a strong force during the debate. Although it may bring some pleasure to myself at the time, it must be realized How others feel.
Franklin, who has impressed himself, is respected as the founding father of the United States. He can maintain a diligent work style throughout his life and make an immortal contribution to the cause of public welfare. Compare how impulsive he is now and most people.
I hope that people will need to pay more attention in the following aspects: being taciturn, modest, frugal, and removing these bad habits may help them grow a lot. But one thing I think is necessary is that everyone should pass this book to better understand the impact of public utilities such as education on humankind and even a city or country.
Franklin once said something like this: In my opinion, what can bring happiness to human beings is not so trivial as a lucky moment, but rather the trivial convenience that happens to them all the time. In my opinion, this very enlightening sentence reminds people: Don't just care about those lucky things that haven't happened for a century, and ignore the little things around you; this sentence also well explains Franklin's inventions that benefited mankind and his inventorship. the reason.
Franklin can do things that have an impact on the world in so many fields. It should depend on his habits to a great extent. I regret not to see his biography in the second half of his life. Maybe I am more interested in the second half of his life. Actually, people Often like this, like to see the glorious side.
After watching Franklin's rotation, he deeply felt that people cannot be conquered by inertia, and cannot be restrained by the original self. If we want to move forward, we must aim to move forward.
I hope that people will read this book through my reading experience.
2000 Words After Reading Franklin's Autobiography
The Franklin Autobiography is a review of Franklin's first half of his life (1706-1757). The focus of the book is, of course, the lessons learned by Franklin; on the other hand, the book also provides an excellent entry point for us to understand the social face of the United States in the mid to early eighteenth century.
The American society represented in the book generally has the following four characteristics:
First, a strong commercial atmosphere, or capitalist atmosphere. As a colony of British capitalist pioneers, the United States established a complete modern business system as early as the early eighteenth century. To open a small printing shop in partnership with others, each individual's equity and property rights must be determined. Funds for opening a store can come from borrowing from others or from mortgages to banks. If the debt exceeds the assets, there is a danger of being declared bankrupt, not only the stores will be closed, the assets will be sold to pay off the debt, but also the prison may be carried. Unlike ancient Chinese society, which regarded merchants as gangsters and suppressed them, the government and businessmen depended on each other. Government petitions, election votes, legal books, and even banknotes issued must be entrusted to printers to print; once businessmen serve in the government, they will use their positions to expand their business. After becoming secretary of the Pennsylvania State Assembly, Franklin had many opportunities to maintain contact with lawmakers. This relationship helped him to print printed votes, laws, banknotes and other sporadic public business; after becoming a Philadelphia postal agent, Franklin Borrowing convenient correspondence increased the number of newspapers run by myself, attracted more advertisements, and greatly increased my income.
What is even more impressive is the tendency to pay attention to real profits and utilitarian ethics that have emerged in this business atmosphere. Franklin was sent to grammar school by his father when he was 8 years old; one year later, due to the large family size, he couldn't afford the cost of studying in the university. Count the school. At the age of 10, he simply took his son home to help the business. At the age of 12, Franklin showed his talent for writing, and wrote two poems about the season, one of which was popular both inside and outside the town; his father laughed at Franklin's poems because he thought the poets were generally poor. Franklin has a friend Leif, who likes to study poetry, and believes that he will become famous for this; but his friend Osborne advised him to do business and accumulate funds by diligence and rules. Franklin also agrees that writing poetry is only to improve the language style of prose writing, and prose is one of the main means of his fortune. According to Franklin, we cannot say that certain acts are moral or immoral because the Bible promotes or prohibits them. It depends on whether these acts are in our favor. Based on this principle, he believes that nothing can make a person rich and rich like morality.
Second, the extremely effective people's autonomy mechanism, and the great enthusiasm shown by the people for public affairs. In the book, many public utilities in Philadelphia are organized by the people themselves: the funds for the construction of universities, hospitals, orphanages, and churches are all donated by the people; and in the process of forming voluntary fire brigade and resisting the French and Spanish volunteers In China, the people are paying and contributing. It is commendable that these acts are neither a blind impulse nor a result of government or authority intimidation and inducement. Usually, articles written by Franklin or others point out the need to develop a particular public service and the way in which it is developed. People make their choices after careful consideration and discussion. After the fundraising event, the donor will also elect the council to manage the donated funds, monitor the progress of the project, and manage the use of the building after completion. These measures have effectively guaranteed the sustainable development of public welfare.
Third, freedom of religious belief. One of the reasons why many people leave their hometowns and travel thousands of miles to the United States is to avoid the harsh religious persecution of Franklin's father. Therefore, freedom of religious belief has naturally become their consensus. In the book, you can see various religions: Franklin grew up under the teachings of the Presbyterian Church, and later converted to natural theology; among the people he contacted, there were French Prophets, and members Quakers, brothers, and priests from the German Baptist Church and Ireland. His old owner Kai Mou, a less educated printer, even wanted to create a new sect. Even if there are disputes between different denominations, they are limited to verbal and written battles. The best expression of freedom of religious belief is the following: In 1739, Rev. Hu Feite, an itinerant missionary in Ireland, came to Philadelphia to preach in the main faith church, and was crowded out by local priests. He could only preach in the open air. Nevertheless, people from different denominations went to the lecture and proposed plans to build a new church. In a short time, sufficient funds were raised and construction was completed. When completed, the board of governors of the church made it clear that priests of any religion could use the church when preaching to Philadelphians, because the church was not built for the convenience of a certain denomination, but for the convenience of the entire population.
Fourth, the political system of the states of the United States at that time can be said to be a copy of the British constitutional monarchy. Power is in the hands of the governor and the state legislature, which are mutually restrictive; in Pennsylvania, the former is appointed by the owner and the latter is elected. The so-called owners refer to some big nobles in Britain who enjoy the land of the state according to the Royal Charter. As people's representatives, parliamentarians believe that the owners and the people must pay taxes; however, for their own benefit, the owners ordered their agent governor to obstruct the taxation bill proposed by parliamentarians. The two have been arguing over this issue. During Franklin's tenure as a Pennsylvania legislator, he had three governors before and after his victory in parliament in 1757.
Since the protagonist of the book is Franklin, of course, he must be mentioned. In the book, he refines many ways of doing things based on his own life experience. When he was young, he was very arguing and proud of refuting each other; but he gradually realized that he could neither exchange thoughts nor promote feelings, so he should express his opinions with a humble tone, so that even if the discussion between the two sides can be deepened, It's easy to convince others. He is the initiator of many public welfare undertakings, but when promoting his plan, he always said that he was entrusted by someone; if he did not do this, someone would be jealous of the reputation he gained and opposed the implementation of the plan. When he was running for the secretary of the state legislature, he was opposed by a powerful legislator; instead of bowing his knees, he asked the legislator for a favor, and their friendship lasted until the legislator died. . Therefore, if a person helps you once, he will be more than happy to help you later than someone who has received your favor.
In addition to specific suggestions and advice, Franklin also proposed a plan to build perfect moral character. When he was 22, he wanted to overcome all the shortcomings of himself. At first he thought that as long as he knew what was good and what was evil, he would only do good and not bad. But he gradually discovered that habits would take advantage of a moment of negligence, and that rationality was sometimes not a fond of opponents. Therefore, we must quit bad habits and cultivate good habits. He compiled a virtue training list, listed all the virtues he hoped to obtain, and checked his mistakes against the form every day. He believes that bad habits are like weeds in the garden, and we ca n’t expect to pull them out all at once; therefore, we should focus on cultivating a certain virtue in a period of time. When we think that this virtue has been achieved, we should cultivate the next one. . When all the virtues have been trained once, they start again from the beginning until they form a habit. Franklin admits that although the plan did not help him reach perfection, and it was a long way off, he was much happier with the plan than before he tried it. Like people copying copybooks, they may never reach the same level of calligraphy as the copybooks, but their calligraphy will definitely improve greatly in the process of copying.
In general, the Franklin Autobiography shows us that a modest background and low education cannot be a reason for mediocrity. With determination and perseverance, everyone can eventually change their destiny. To paraphrase Hayek's sentence in "The Road to Slavery": On the path of life development, nothing is impossible; making it possible is determination and action.
2000 Words After Reading Franklin's Autobiography
I have reread Franklin's Autobiography in the last two weeks, and have learned a lot. Why stress? Because I read it once during my junior year, and now I think about it, but it's just a trick. Now I hope that it is not too late.
Before re-reading this book, I deliberately searched the Internet to find out how to read. The search results were quite abundant, but the more choices there were, the more confused I became. After much thinking, I prefer Han Yu's reading method. An excerpt is as follows:
Make a note of how many books there are, and what they are mainly about. Then write down the main points; write your own opinions and your own opinions. In addition, I also picked out some wonderful words and expressed my own views.
In accordance with Han Yu's reading methods, I have a better understanding of Franklin's life story, and the wonderful words in it made me put it down. Now thinking of it, reading a good book should be repeated, read out the fun, read out your own perceptions and views.
There are four books in Franklin's Autobiography. The first article focuses on Franklin's self-study and personal career development in his youth; the second article describes Franklin's enjoyment of reading, the implementation of ethical fulfillment plans, and the time schedule of daily life; the third article covers Franklin's hard work He spoke a foreign language, how to enthusiastically carry out public welfare undertakings, and his contribution to the natural sciences. The last post was to leave the world because he hadn't finished, but only introduced his first diplomatic mission.
Franklin was particularly fond of reading when he was a kid, and all the money he received was spent on books. Sometimes a book was borrowed at night and had to be returned early the next morning. He often cheered up to read late at night. His entire life from the age of twelve to sixteen was work and reading and learning. His hunger for knowledge, his strong desire to know the world around him, and his awareness of reality all made him a true reader and deeply affected him. Later thoughts and paths. Think about it. Although I especially enjoyed reading for a period of time as a child, I finally gave up the beautiful world in extracurricular books because my test scores determined my career advancement and turned to a boring and boring textbook. Time to comprehend reality. Now it's not surprising that I don't think independently and write articles. The only idea now is: make up for it, just hope it's not too late.
In Franklin's youth, his main business was the opening of a printing office, and his hard work was higher than any of his peers. He was working when people were already asleep; he was also working when the neighbors were up. Such hard work has won the trust and respect of others, while also gaining reputation and influence, and at the same time adding a boost to his career. The good habits developed in his youth will greatly affect his future life. So, in our youth, we should choose the best way to live, and habits will make us extremely happy. While doing his career, he also made a lot of mistakes, but he thinks actively and learns lessons from it. He has developed a moral fulfillment plan, hoping to live a life free from wrongdoing whenever possible. Paradoxical habits must be abolished, and good habits must be acquired and established, so that we can grasp firm and consistent integrity. The following is his moral perfection plan, which is worthy of everyone's emulation and reference.
These moral habits should not be implemented at the same time, so as not to be distracted, but should only be implemented one at a time. When you master one, move on to the next. In my opinion, it is not easy to make such an excellent plan to be a tenet of tenure in our youth. It is even more difficult to comply with it throughout our lives. We should learn and imitate his life-long moral completion plan in order to achieve meaningful goals, instead of changing in all directions. One thing that must be mentioned is that he has taught himself a variety of foreign languages, such as French, Italian, Spanish, Latin, and can speak and read foreign languages in foreign languages. While admiring him, we should also sound the alarm for ourselves, don't we?
In addition, Franklin is also a very willing person to interact with others. He has a keen interest in everything around him, and strives to understand and understand everything. He enjoys meeting with smart and knowledgeable people and talking with interesting people, which is the most enjoyable and rewarding time of his life. Another point is his public morality. He believes that the night watch system in the city lacks rules. He wrote an article in the newspaper and proposed to change the phenomenon of these unreasonable systems; Provides effective fire protection methods. I have to say that he is a person who loves life and observes life. When he sees unreasonable and needs improvement in life, he finds a way and puts it into practice.
After reading this book, we should learn the nutrition in the book for our own needs and accompany our own future growth. I believe that the future path will become clearer because of Franklin's guidance; the difficulties we will face in the future will not let us hold back because of Franklin's deeds; the future soul will be reduced by Franklin's miniature society Become more beautiful.
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