时间：2016-08-15 Source: jajshop.com Time: 2016-08-15
2,000 Words of "Combating Book Doctrine"
"Anti-Books" is Mao Zedong's earliest Marxist work. In this work, for the first time, the author made it clear from the perspective of epistemology that there is no investigation and no right to speak. The victory of the Chinese revolution depends on the understanding of Chinese comrades. Well-known assertions such as the situation in China; clarified the significance of social surveys, as well as the purpose, objects, content, methods and technical details of the surveys; exposed dogmatic errors and their harm to revolutionary causes, and criticized some people in the Red Army Conservative thinking about the status quo, adherence to the rules, superstition, and reluctance to conduct actual investigations. The article also expresses the thought that studying Marxism must be combined with the actual situation in China, and the earliest and explicitly raised the party's ideological line in the history of the Communist Party of China, emphasizing that the Communists must adhere to the ideological line of creating a new situation from the struggle.
Mao Zedong wrote in it that when you can't solve a problem, you should investigate the current situation and history of the problem. You can fully investigate and understand, and you can solve this problem. In the article, he also compared the investigation to the pregnancy in October, and the solution of the problem is like a one-time delivery. Only after the arduous investigation of the pregnancy in October can the problem be resolved quickly in the first delivery. However, many people turn this upside down in their lives. Once they conceive and give birth in October, they simply say they have to solve the problem, and then they do n’t think at all. As a result, they have no concept at all and have no efficiency at all. It only rushed forward, and the result was a burst of blood. This tells us that only by conducting an in-depth investigation can we find an effective solution to the problem. Blindly using some clever old boxes can't solve the problem at all. It only makes the problem worse.
Many people will think of things that are left behind by ancient people as the only truth because of some rules and regulations, and do everything as a standard. They do not consider the objective situation of the problem at all, nor do they consider the problem with previous people. Whether the problem is exactly the same, and the particularity of the problem is completely ignored, as if some party leaders regarded Mao Zedong's thought as the only truth at that time, completely ignoring China's national conditions at the time, and as a result, China was in trouble.
Regarding a question, how to conduct an in-depth investigation? This is what our grandfather Mao mentioned in this article. He pointed out that he must first hold an investigation meeting to conduct a discussion-like investigation. Discussion-like surveys are easy to make mistakes by relying on one person to talk about his experience. Indeed, it is easy for people with this thinking to focus on individualism and impose their own ideas in the process of solving problems. The results are often counterproductive. In addition, we need to investigate not only one place, but also other places. We must think in many ways, so that we can not miss any details of solving the problem, we can get more information, and we can really find a way out. At the end of the article, it is also emphasized that if you want to make a record yourself, only by writing, you can guide yourself to think, only by using your own brain to connect the whole thing together, can you find out the crux of the problem. Without thinking, there will be no answer. It's always a problem.
During the turbulent period when Mao Zedong wrote this article, if he did not use survey methods to solve economic problems, and blindly adopted the Soviet Union or other historical examples, China would not know what it would be like now. Is it even more backward, or is China no longer China? We cannot imagine, because the wheel of history has not gone in that direction. Investigation is an attitude of seeking truth from facts. He is a ladder of progress. It abandons the bad habits of conformity. He is a bridge for China's development.
Chairman Mao pointed out in the text that blindly and superficially implementing the policy of the superior, this is not the actual implementation of the superior's policy, this is the best way to oppose the superior's instructions or the opponent's superior's instructions to go slow. In fact, it ’s true. Do not use your brain, do not conduct in-depth investigations, and do not formulate specific plans. You just move the hard way, which will inevitably cause serious errors and even affect the operation and development of the entire group. Should be firmly opposed. In our specific work, we are often accustomed to understanding the superior policy mechanically and simply copying the provisions to do things. Some rules have been abolished in other places and are still valid in the places where we work. Under the same policy, what others can do, but it is difficult to do in their own, and often cheer up, this is the policy and superior spirit, we have no way. The root cause of their thoughts is often because they have made no mistakes, and because they have implemented policies to avoid deficiencies and have no jealousy. This kind of fundamentalism is therefore more extensive and stubborn. Many people with open minds have long since changed them. These bad work attitudes, but there are still some stubborn people who do not understand the workaround.
At that time, China was in a deep and fierce stage, and there were wars everywhere. Only with correct ideological guidance, understanding of the political situation, and correct war guidance could China truly stand up. At that time, China had a strong class concept. In the era, if we really want to solve China's problems, we must start with investigation and understand the situation of different classes in China so that we can better liberate China.
Grandpa Mao said that the text of Marxism is to be learned, but it must be combined with the actual situation of our country. We need books, but we must correct books that are divorced from reality. Secondly, it is a sharp weapon against subjectivism and "left"; right leaning wrong. Leaving the actual investigation will produce ideal class estimates and ideal work guidance. What we need is materialism, not idealism. Subjectivism includes two manifestations of dogmatism and empiricism. "Against Benism" opposes both empiricism that absolutely localizes personal experience and negates the guiding role of Marxist theory, as well as dogmatism that does not understand China's national conditions and the characteristics of the Chinese revolution. This will not save China at all. If it is simply copied and copied from the Soviet revolution, it will make China a military power. Yes, this is good, but China ’s economy will not develop. China ’s The people will not have a sense of happiness, the country will not unite well, and there will be no harmonious family.
"Opposition to Localism" provides us with important ideological principles and scientific thinking methods for correctly observing things and solving contradictions. "Opposition to Localism" reflects three basic points of Mao Zedong Thought, namely, seeking truth from facts, the mass line, and The rudimentary form of independent thought marks the initial formation of Mao Zedong's philosophical thought. The important ideological principles proposed and clarified by Grandpa Mao's work are the specific application and vivid generalization of dialectical materialist epistemology in practical work.
The above is my impression of Mao Zedong's "Anti-Books Doctrine".
2,000 Words of "Combating Book Doctrine"
According to the spirit of creating a learning organization and striving to be an innovative cadre, I have recently requested to read three classic articles on "Contradiction," "Practical Theory," and "Anti-Book-based Doctrine," and write the experience of theoretical study. In the end, although I have carefully studied the original text, my understanding is still very limited. Now, I will talk about my shallow experience through studying the article "Anti-books".
I think that the study of the article "against textbooks" still provides us with important ideological principles and scientific thinking methods for correctly observing things, resolving contradictions, and guiding our work today. There is no investigation and no right to speak. I think this is a sentence that everyone knows well. This is the first part of Comrade Mao Zedong's classic book Against Objectivism. The first sentence of this article is to stop your voice on an issue without investigating it. It's like snapping a drink, pointing straight at people who speak wildly about a problem without going into the actual investigation. Even today, seventy-five years later, when I read here, if we talked about and made a decision arbitrarily without in-depth actual investigation of a certain problem, it would still be like a stab in the back, like a choke in the throat. Then the article used 14 words, 4 exclamation points, and divided into four natural paragraphs, which almost angrily pointed out the outrage that some Communists did not go into the actual investigation:
Focus on investigation!
This way of dealing with text has never been seen in an article I have read before. Taste carefully, the power of these very ordinary, often spoken words of 14 words, is here to outweigh the thousands of words and huge books, the words are magnificent, and the sound is loud!
Can't you solve that problem? Then, you should investigate the current situation of the problem and its history! You have fully investigated and understood. You have a solution to that problem. This tells us that only in-depth investigation and research is an effective way to solve the problem correctly. It is also analogous to the investigation is like a pregnancy in October, and the solution of the problem is like a one-time delivery. Only after a arduous October-style investigation and a correct way to solve the problem can the problem of rapid delivery be resolved. How to correct this kind of fundamentalism? Only by investigating the actual situation, the Communist Party's correct and unshakable tactics of struggle are by no means a few people sitting in the room. This article can be generated from the secret 114 network. It is to fight the masses. It can only be produced in the process, which means that it can only be produced in actual experience. It points out that the fundamental way and effective way for Marxists to understand the world and overcome subjectivism is to investigate the society. In the article, those who sat full of food and dozed off all day long, never willing to reach out to the social masses to investigate, yelled loudly, issued a call to struggle! To the masses to actually investigate!
The actual investigation needs to be deepened, but how can we do a good job of investigating? The article also puts forward the method of conducting in-depth investigation and investigation techniques in accordance with the principle of treating illness and saving people. Our young comrades still have very practical guiding significance. First of all, it is pointed out that it is necessary to hold an investigative meeting for a discussion-type investigation. The method of not having an investigative meeting or a discussion-type investigation is that it is easy to make mistakes by relying on one person to talk about his experience. The method that only asks this article from the secret 114 network, and does not raise the central question after debate at the meeting, cannot draw a nearly correct conclusion. Then point out who will be involved in the investigation? It is better to have more people or less people to conduct the investigation. It is necessary to set the outline of the investigation, and to go out in person. Written reports alone. It emphasizes the need to go deep, especially for those who have not been engaged in surveys and researches. For those who are first engaged in surveys, they must do one or two in-depth surveys, that is, to understand a place or the bottom of a problem. With a deep understanding of a place or a problem, it is easy to find the way if you investigate other places and problems later. Finally, it is emphasized that you have to make your own records. Only by making your own investigation records can you get first-hand information. These seven aspects are all described in great detail and have strong operability.
Studying "Anti-book-based Doctrine" has important practical significance for overcoming ideological subjectivism and bureaucracy at work, developing a working style of close contact with the masses, and in-depth investigation and research. Taste this article carefully, I feel that it is both a passionate speech and a training lesson on how to do a good job of research. Sometimes I need to recite aloud, and I feel refreshing; sometimes I feel that I need to study carefully, write down something in my notebook, and continue to consolidate to feel relieved.
In our specific work, we are often accustomed to understanding the superior policy mechanically, simply copying the provisions and doing things, some rules have been abolished in other places, and we are still valid here. The same things that can be done in the field under the same policy are difficult to achieve here, and they are often invigorated. The policy and the spirit of the superior are like this, and we have no choice. The root cause of their thoughts is often because they did not make mistakes, and because they carried out the policy without deficiencies and without scruples. This kind of fundamentalism is therefore more extensive and stubborn.
As far as the implementation of policies is concerned, simply copying the articles and doing things seems to be out of order, but it makes the policy superficial in the implementation, and the policy cannot be used well. In fact, it is also a kind of out of order. The objective reality of the locality does not necessarily conform to the actual situation of the locality, and the good policies of the country according to the original intent of the policy are not truly implemented locally. It is just that this kind of fundamentalism appears in the face of resolute implementation, which seems to make no mistakes, but it is not true, because it makes it difficult for the policy's rich ore to be promptly and fully mined, which greatly affects the development, the resulting society, The magnitude of the economic loss is almost incalculable.
Mao Zedong pointed out in the text that blindly and superficially executing the instructions of the superior, this is not really executing the instructions of the superior, this is the best way to oppose the instructions of the superior or to go to work with the instructions of the superior. Where is Miao?
Miao is not thinking about it, not going deep into actual investigations, and formulating specific plans that are suitable for the local area. He just moved the hard way, obviously affecting development and causing losses, but it was difficult to hold him accountable because he did not seem to make mistakes.
Here we should correctly view promising and inactive: management according to policies is promising, and policies are also promising. Sometimes, it is also promising to adopt a tacit attitude towards some exploratory practices that do not violate the principles. With the control, many good things can't be done, no matter how busy or tired, they can't do anything. The criterion for measuring promisingness is conducive to investment and prosperity, to strengthening the country and enriching the people, and to good and fast development. As for management, I think our management today is essentially serving the development of services, serving the grassroots and serving the masses.
Only in this way can we really thoroughly understand the policy, combine the superior policy with the local objective reality, creatively implement the policy, and have the courage to take responsibility, so that we can do everything we can to promote the development of advanced productive forces. We will spare no effort to enrich the people and the people.
Under the new historical conditions, our Communist Party members shoulder the historical mission of leading the people to build socialism with Chinese characteristics and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Every Communist Party member must constantly transform the subjective world while transforming the objective world. This requires us to continuously deepen our understanding of the laws governing the Communist Party, the laws of reform, opening up and modernization, and the laws of human society. Not only do we need to learn Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thinking of the Three Represents, we must also study contemporary economics, science, technology, and culture, and learn from new experiences, ideas, and achievements of all sciences in the world. To combine theory with practice and truly learn how to use it, it is now necessary to closely link the reality of reform, opening up, and modernization. Focusing on what we are doing, we must focus on the theoretical thinking of practical problems and the investigation of solutions. Only in this way can we better serve the building of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and serve the comprehensive construction of a well-off society and a harmonious society.
This is a bit of superficial experience after I read the article "Against Book Doctrine". Due to my limited theoretical level, my understanding is inevitably biased and incorrect. Leaders and comrades are invited to criticize and correct it.
2,000 Words of "Combating Book Doctrine"
No investigation, no right to speak, it was like a thunder, just like a sharp sword, it broke, and even broke the hearts of a group of scholars! Why? Why do you have no say? Why is it written in the book, the document is That ’s what I said ... Furious, shout, spit, I ’m too lazy to deal with you, because it ’s written in the book, and you have compiled it like this, the file says so, you just follow me, and take the manuscript everywhere Speaking, the same thing, eight styles of work, separate from reality. The book seems to say that there is a fairy island in Penglai, please show it to me! This is a violation of books, do you know? A bunch of nerds!
In Comrade Mao Zedong's "Against Book Doctrine", I think this sentence is the most overbearing, but the most reasonable, and has the style of a great man. Read it vividly. Imagine if you said so in front of the leaders In a word, it is worth being a ghost! Although Comrade Mao Zedong's sentence cannot be said to be familiar, the ghost of pragmatism still floats above socialism, alerting the world, but now some people see ghosts I am worried, and I have a group of secretaries to read to the masses. Now, ah! GDP has repeatedly hit new highs, and people ’s lives have generally improved. It ’s already been a well-off life for people. And it's exciting. If the GDP can flow out of your stomach for a little bit, the migrant workers will not sharpen their swords and want to open your stomach! Not only the originalism, but also the originalism is outrageous. I ’ve seen blind people, never seen them. It's been so embarrassing. Chairman Mao emphasized in the text, must or not! Focus on investigation! Oppose nonsense! Simple fourteen words are better than thousands of words, words are powerful, and the ground is loud! Chairman Mao paid attention to rectification during his lifetime. Today, not only knowledge It is even more necessary for members of the party and people inside the party to rectify the situation. Some unrealistic words have blinded the party and undermined the construction of a harmonious society. If you do not investigate a certain issue, stop your right to speak on a certain issue. Although the words are a bit heavy, it provides important principles for us to observe things correctly, resolve contradictions, and know work. It is worth remembering!
Can't you solve that problem? Then, you should investigate the current status and history of this problem! You have fully investigated and understood. You have a solution to that problem. This tells us that only an in-depth investigation can find an effective solution to the problem. In the article, he also compared the investigation to the pregnancy in October, and the solution of the problem is like a one-time delivery. Only after the arduous investigation of the pregnancy in October can the problem be resolved quickly in the first delivery. Yes, many people have turned this upside down in their lives, and once conceived, giving birth in October is not only inconsistent with the reality, but also a dead person! So how to correct the fundamentalism? Lao Mao has instructions to do an investigation, the Communist Party is correct A vacillated struggle strategy cannot be produced by a few people sitting in the room. It can only be produced in the course of the mass struggle, which means that it can only be produced in actual experience. This is in line with everything from Marxism that starts from reality, integrates theory with practice, and overcomes the idea of subjectivism. The article also severely criticized those who sat full of food and slept in the institutions, never willing to reach out to the public to investigate and investigate. In fact, these people who eat the socialist wall still exist in large numbers today, and the harm cannot be ignored. Go to the struggle! Go to the masses to do the actual investigation!
How to make an in-depth investigation? Comrade Mao deserves to be knowledgeable. He pointed out that he must first hold an investigation meeting to conduct a discussion-like investigation. The one who does not hold an investigation meeting and does not conduct a discussion-like investigation depends on one person's experience. The method is easy to make mistakes. Indeed, people with this kind of thinking can easily be centered on one person's doctrine, and must be changed! It is also necessary to get out of the house by yourself (from the branch secretary to the general secretary, and to be personally engaged in society Actual economic investigations cannot rely solely on written reports. In ancient times, scholars knew about the world before they left the house. That was unreliable. Even the emperor knew that micro-services would go on tour and observe the public sentiment. Why are n’t people now? If you ca n’t walk a long way, you ca n’t get objective conditions. Talking about cooking is not good. Only by doing it yourself can you know its meaning. We must investigate not only one place, but also other places in order to obtain first-hand information and find a way out. At the end of the article, it is also emphasized that if you want to take notes yourself, only by writing, can you guide yourself to think. The above aspects are related to reality. Nowadays, everyone has a strong operability.
Studying "Opposing Basicism" is of great practical significance in overcoming subjectivism, bureaucracy, and fostering close ties with the masses. Having said that, it was so easy to do it! After the Cultural Revolution, the party adhered to two or two ordinary thoughts, and dogmatically understood Chairman Mao's words, which made the living people chill and let the spirits not rest! If Chairman Mao knew Is it okay not to take a few photons of them? It is because of wrong thinking that it is difficult for the country's economic construction to linger. Chairman Mao pointed out in the text that blindly and superficially implementing the policy of the superior, this is not the actual implementation of the superior's policy, this is the best way to oppose the superior's instructions or the opponent's superior's instructions to go slow. Why is this? No brainer, no in-depth investigation, specific formulation of specific plans, only care about moving a hard cover, causing losses, but it is difficult to blame because it seems not to make mistakes, beautiful, wonderful! Who is the loss? Not the country. I think that the leadership of such inaction should be held accountable!
In our real life, some people are used to mechanically implementing superior policies, working with text, and being bullish out of the basket. This is the policy and the spirit of superiors, and we have no choice. They thought no one could cure them. I have encountered such a situation many times, whether it is a loan or a tuition fee, to find the school, the school said it was the school's decision, there is no way. Is there really no way? I do n’t think too much about it. What is the use of such a leadership without the spirit of serving the people? Basicism! The folk often say: there are policies on the top and countermeasures on the bottom. How smart is the stock?
During the 1989 school tide, some students almost became a disaster because of the influence of books. Chairman Jiang once said that this group of students is too simple in mind. They only know what is in the book and do not know the actual situation! In the meantime, when When he was the mayor of Shanghai, he went to the Jiaotong University to comfort the students. After questioning the students, he said: As soon as I arrived at the campus, I was greeted by the posters asking for the government of the people, the people and the people. ... This is what Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, said in his famous Gettysburg speech on November 19, 1863. Then he began to write the full text in English fluently and emotionally. He said: You must understand the deep meaning of Abraham Lincoln. You know what he means, but not its historical background. If a person has only superficial knowledge, then she will not understand how dangerous it is to practice American-style democracy in China. Finally he analyzes the problem from the actual situation in China. This incident shows the rootedness and horror of student fundamentalism.
After reading this article, I believe that under the new historical conditions, in addition to the Communist Party members, as well as the general public, students should combine theory with practice, focus on what we say and do, and focus on the theory of practical problems. Thinking and problem-solving research will make life more like life, and harmony and progress will not become empty words.
There is no golden house in the book, only you have what you want!
After reading, Feel the Network welcomes you to reprint and share: http://jajshop.com/zw/23694.html
Previous post: Education monograph books 2000 notes